Joan Mitchell (b. 1925, Chicago, Illinois, d. 1992) is recognized as a principal figure, and one of the only females, in the second generation American Abstract Expressionist movement. Her colorful, gestural, abstract paintings were often expansive covering multiple panels. Central to her practice was her brushwork, often described as robust or tumultuous. Though she applied her paint energetically, her imagery was very slowly and deliberately built. Many critics have noted that, while her art retained the vigor, materiality and heroic size characteristic of Abstract Expressionism, it never stopped evolving and is ultimately unclassifiable. A natural supporter of female artists, the Flying Dutchman was one of the first artworks that Linda Pace collected.